Martin’s Index of Cocktails & Mixed Drinks for iPhone and iPod Touch

Quinquina & Americano
by Brand

Unavoidably, this guide is not exhaustive. Some quinquinas are regional products that don’t get exported to the U.S., and admittedly, the listings here are biased toward the U.S. marketplace. However, the marketplace is fluid, and we will add more listings as adequate information becomes available.

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Bonal Gentiane Quina


From St. Laurent du Pont, beginning 1865. A full-bodied quinquina that balances quinine and gentian botanicals.

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Created in Thuir, France, beginning 1866. Rarely imported to the USA. Byrrh is a rare example of an aperitif based on red mistelle.

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Cocchi Americano
Cocchi Americano Rosa

Cocchi Americano


Created in Asti, Piedmont, Italy, beginning 1891. Based on Moscato di Asti.

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Contratto Americano Rosso



Prominent sparkling wine producer in Piemonte. New ownership has brought their 19th Century vermouth and americano products back into production, with emergent distribution in the United States.

Web site:

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Dubonnet Blanc (US)



Originally marketed as Quinquina Dubonnet and created in Paris, France in 1846. Dubonnet is one of the mildest quinquinas, botanically speaking. Since World War Two, all Dubonnet in the US market has been produced under license in Kentucky by the Heaven Hill Distillery, and there are questions about the integrity of the product. The European product is generally regarded as exemplary.

Note that the classic Dubonnet wine is the “rouge” (red) expression. The “blanc” (straw-colored) product is a peculiar American market spinoff.

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Lillet Cuvee
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Produced in Podensac, Bordeaux, France, from 1887.

Lillet’s primary product is generally called Lillet Blanc, but is usually labeled just “Lillet”. Various formulas of Lillet have existed at different times under different names, including “Amer-Kina”, “Kina Lillet”, “Lillet Français” and “Lillet Dry Export”, all were relatively sweeter and bitterer than today’s product, which dates to around 1986. Today’s Lillet Blanc is amongst the mildest quinquinas, botanically speaking. It contains quinine, but only a hint, and no other botanicals.

A deep red “Rouge” expression, a “vintage” expression and a rosé expression are also available in some markets.

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MAiDENii Aperitif


Novel Americano-like gentian aperitif wine from Australia featuring regional botanicals.

*not imported to the USA

Web site: //

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St. Raphaël

(SAWN raw-FEL)

Created in Lyon, France, in 1830. Originally marketed as Quinquina St. Raphaël. Product line refreshed under new management in 2008, and reintroduced to the USA market in 2016.

Both expressions of St. Raphaël are based on mistelle, one white, the other red. Primary botantical components are quinine, orange peel, cacao and vanilla.

Web site: //


Vermouth 101 — an overview

Mixed drinks featuring Vermouth & Quinquina

Vermouths by Style

Vermouths by Brand


Special thanks to Eric Seed, Romée de Gorianoff, Alexandre Vingtier and Carl Sutton for their invaluable assistance on this project. Otherwise, the individual to blame for this site is Martin Doudoroff, a New York City cocktail enthusiast driven to this sort of folly from time to time.

Corrections, augmentations and general feedback, particularly from vermouth and quinquina producers, are all welcomed at

Creative Commons LicenseThe text and original images of Vermouth 101 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 United States License. Bottle and label photography employed on the site are not covered by this license, belong to the brand-holders in question and are protected by copyright law. When in doubt, ask.

Vermouth 101 was edited by Martin Doudoroff, inspired by preceding work by Martin Doudoroff & Ted Haigh. All trademarks and intellectual property employed in discussing brands belong to their respective owners.